Protect Your Eyes as You Age With These Tips

Nowadays, you have to be more diligent to protect your eyes as you age. Degenerating eyesight related to the normal aging process can sneak up on you: You might suddenly find yourself holding your cellphone farther away to see it, or going home with eyestrain at the end of the work day. Age-related changes to your eyesight may be unavoidable, but there are ways to help mitigate some of them.

“Our eyes age as the rest of our bodies, meaning diet and lifestyle make up a big part of how well our eyes age,” said Dr. Anne Negrin, a board certified ophthalmologist.

While you can’t turn back the clock, check out these tips for slowing it down.

Take to the Shade to Protect Your Eyes

You’re probably familiar with suggestions to wear sunscreen to protect your skin, but sunlight also affects your eyes. While a small amount of ultraviolet light helps the body regulate its sleep cycles, according to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, too much exposure to the UV light in sunlight can be harmful.

buying glasses

Buying Glasses: Click to enlarge.

“Protecting your eyes from the sun from an early age, 365 days a year, slows cataract progression, lowers one’s risk of macular degeneration and helps prevent chances of melanoma in the eye,” Negrin said. She suggests wearing hats, sunglasses or visors to protect your eyes from the sun year round, even if you’re not out for very long.

Eat Right

Paying attention to nutrition can help you protect your eyes as you age. “Foods rich in the pigments that are found in our retinas help keep our eyesight sharp as we age, since the retina loses cells each year,” Negrin said. Green leafy vegetables such as kale and spinach, along with carotenoid-rich foods such as sweet potatoes and carrots, are helpful. They help the retinal photoreceptors do their job to see light and distinguish objects in different contrast settings.

Eating right can reduce bothersome symptoms as well. For example, many people experience drier eyes as they age, Negrin said, and it’s especially common in post-menopausal women. “Healthy fats like omega-3s, found in certain fish and nuts, are essential,” she said. “Drinking lots of water is key to keeping our tear glands able to produce adequate tears.”

Don’t Smoke

glaucoma awareness

Glaucoma Awareness: Click to enlarge.

The retina—the thin tissue that lines the back on the eye and serves as a “screen” to receive focused light—is packed with blood vessels, and keeping vascular health strong is important to your eyesight as you age.

“Healthy vessels mean less likelihood of strokes in the eye, wet macular degeneration and other vision-threatening diseases that can come with advancing age,” Negrin said.

Smoking increases the risk of vascular problems, so avoid smoking or enroll in a cessation program to help you quit. Other ways to improve vascular health and protect your eyes as you age include getting adequate fiber, avoiding saturated fat, keeping your blood pressure at normal levels and losing weight to help reduce strain on your blood vessels. While you can’t halt aging, paying attention to your health can help you protect your eyes and your eyesight.

Learn More*:

Glaucoma Awareness: Learn Risk Factors, Tips for Prevention

Buying Glasses Tips: 3 Fancy Features for Your Eyeglasses

States With the Worst Vision Health interactive infographic

*Hyperlinks to third-party websites are offered for informational purposes only. Starmount in no way controls, guarantees, endorses, sponsors or promotes these websites or their content.

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